A Statement from Dirk Obbink

Professor Dirk Obbink has issued a public statement emphatically denying the accusations that he sold Oxyrhynchus papyri to Hobby Lobby. The local Texas newspaper to which Prof. Obbink chose to communicate his statement (the Waco Tribune-Herald) is not available online in Europe:

But Geoffrey Smith of the University of Texas at Austin broke the news on twitter:

Another twitter user kindly provided the full text of the relevant portion of the article, including the statement made by Obbink’s attorneys:

I assume the reference to “documents being used against me” means the receipts and invoices in the possession of the Hobby Lobby / Museum of the Bible organization. If that is correct, then the charge that these documents were “fabricated” is further evidence of the complete breakdown of a long and multifaceted relationship between Prof. Obbink and Scott Carroll, Jerry Pattengale, and the Hobby Lobby organization.

Left to right: Jerry Pattengale, Émile Puech, Cary Summers, and Dirk Obbink; image source: https://www.equip.org

I would hope that all parties involved in this dispute have reported their sides of the story to the appropriate law enforcement agencies. It will be interesting to see how that plays out.

If this denial is truthful, it of course raises the question of how the 11 manuscripts made their way from Oxford to the Green Collection in the US. But recall the charges laid out by the Egypt Exploration Society (EES) were not just about the theft of manuscripts. The accusations also involved a coordinated manipulation of the card catalog system for unpublished Oxyrhynchus papyri. The EES briefly described this system back in 2018:

“EES records include a photograph and brief record card for each papyrus awaiting publication, which were prepared to assist the General Editors in selecting papyri for future volumes. The cards were created without detailed study of the texts and without access to today’s online search tools.”

Now here is the EES statement about the stolen manuscripts from earlier this week:

“The EES has so far identified thirteen texts from its collection, twelve on papyrus and one on parchment, all with biblical or related content, which are currently held by the [Museum of the Bible] (see the attached list). These texts were taken without authorisation from the EES, and in most of the thirteen cases the catalogue card and photograph are also missing. Fortunately, the EES has back-up records which enable us to identify missing unpublished texts.”

That last observation about tampering with the card system would really appear to narrow down the list of people who could have pulled this off. How many people would have the access and knowledge to do this? Past and present general editors of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri series (so, what? about 20 people?), and who else?

As I have noted on multiple occasions, the card system used for the unpublished papyri is very obscure to outsiders and has never been publicly explained. The number of people with both access to the unpublished papyri and detailed knowledge of (and access to) the card system seems to be extremely small. It would be illuminating if someone at Oxford or the EES could say just how many people have had access to that system of cards over the last ten years.

In the meantime, the working list of papyri of dubious origins grows. Papyrus fragments of Exodus and Isaiah have been added today.

This entry was posted in Antiquities Dealers and Collectors, Antiquities Market, Dirk Obbink, Green Collection, Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Scott Carroll. Bookmark the permalink.

16 Responses to A Statement from Dirk Obbink

  1. Pattycake says:

    This cannot get any more bizarre. It just can’t.

  2. Pattycake says:

    I’m completely flabbergasted. His signature can be compared with other things he’s signed. He knows all about handwriting analysis through his own work!

  3. Pattycake says:

    Something else that I don’t quite understand is if Obbink was already in trouble over the Sappho fragment, why did EES allow him to publish the Mark fragment? Why didn’t they have someone else do that? And why didn’t the EES come forward immediately when they learned it was their fragment or at least make an announcement about it once it was published? They kept quiet.

  4. I think the unidentified man on the picture is Dead Sea Scrolls scholar Émile Puech of École Biblique.

  5. David D. says:

    Any guesses why the back-up records weren’t similarly tampered with? Seems like an odd oversight for someone with knowledge of and access to the card catalogue.

  6. Aractus says:

    Hi Brent did you get my email? I’d be interested to know if possible to chase up this:


    I don’t want to speculate too much, but Bill’s former student may be the person who made the presentation on “Discovering an Unknown Papyrus” here:


    Possibly you could chase up if that papyrus is “Quotation of Hebrews: P.Oxy. inv. 105/188(c). [PAP.000378]”, get the records of that presentation. Even if it’s a different papyrus she and Bill Warren should answer questions regarding their comments that P131 came from a mummy mask (Bill just relaid the information he was told, but **who** did he hear it from?)

    What about the “200” other NT manuscripts they claim came from mummy cartonnage?


    Anyway, I hope SBL panel goes well and that someone can record the event so those of us who are interested can see what transpired!

  7. The other side of this is what was the potential benefit to the Buyers? Investigative Reporter Candida Moss has already reported in on the subject:


    Per the Internal Revenue Code and as outlined by IRS Publication 526:


    For donations of appreciated Collectibles, the potential tax deduction is the Fair Market Value at the time of donation. Let’s assume we have a billionaire who hates paying taxes:

    Max Bialystock: Assume away.

    Mr. Billionaire purchases Collectible (which includes religious artifacts) for God knows what and then (after a year) has it appraised for lots more and takes a tax deduction for lots more. Let the Reader understand that Hobby Lobby is a PRIVATE company so God does not reveal the purchase price.

    And who would be a good person to have appraised the Collectible? Someone who is an expert in that specific collectible, has an academic background and is an experienced dealer of that collectible at the very highest levels. Who would have the authority to dispute this appraisal?

    I picture Obbink having a commercial just like George Zimmer of The Men’s Warehouse used to have:

    “Hi, I’m Dirk Obbink of The Mees Papyri Warehouse. This ancient fragment of GMark, two million dollars at EES, the same fragment, 1 million dollars at The Mees Papyri Warehouse. How can I afford to do that, you ask? Simple, this is the exact same fragment from EES. I stole it. You pay me 1 million dollars for it and that’s 1 million dollars profit. Those are the facts I guarantee it!”

    Seriously, looking forward, is anyone going to press charges against Obbink? MOTB/Hobby Lobby could make a large grant to EES and Oxford and a large settlement with Obbink. But just in case, Obbink wants to add that there is also a grail buried in the basement of his for sale Seaside Castle in Nazareth (along with one or two research assistants).

  8. Joel says:

    “I assume the reference to ‘documents being used against me’ means the receipts and invoices in the possession of the Hobby Lobby / Museum of the Bible organization.”

    But it could also refer to the EES’s “back-up records which enable us to identify missing unpublished texts”. Or to both.

    However, the number of people able to commit such a fraud, if Obbink is being truthful, must still be very small.

  9. Pingback: Friday Varia and Quick Hits | Archaeology of the Mediterranean World

  10. Pingback: Dirk Obbink Discusses Oxyrhynchus “Distribution” Papyri | Variant Readings

  11. Pingback: Biblical Studies Carnival # 165. October 2019 | Bible, Myth, and History

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