The Bodmer Papyri: An Inventory of “P.Bodmer” Items

The longest chapter of my forthcoming book is dedicated to “The Bodmer Papyri,” a group of manuscripts that can be confusing even for scholars of early Christianity. The name derives from the Swiss collector Martin Bodmer (1899-1971), who bought a number of papyrus and parchment manuscripts from Egypt in the 1950s and 1960s. Many (though not nearly all) of these pieces seem to derive from a single ancient find in Upper Egypt.

Bodmer and Menander

Martin Bodmer with a leaf of the Bodmer Menander codex (P.Bodmer XXV+IV+XXVI)

So, the term “Bodmer Papyri” usually refers to this ancient find (which also contained material that Bodmer did not buy), but Bodmer’s collection of early Christian manuscripts also contains early Christian manuscripts from Egypt that were not part of this find. The early papyrus and parchment manuscripts in Bodmer’s collection, now part of the Fondation Martin Bodmer, carry the papyrological designation “P.Bodmer.” There does not seem to be a complete, up-to-date list of these “P.Bodmer” items online, so I am producing one here. Most of these manuscripts are presently in the Fondation Martin Bodmer in Geneva, although some of them are now elsewhere (and now have other additional names, just to make things a little more confusing).

It is important to remember that only some of these items belonged to the ancient collection (along with material now in the Chester Beatty Library in Dublin, The Schøyen Collection in Oslo, the Vatican Library, and elsewhere). Many of the books in this list have different origins.

There is a brief description of each piece followed by key items of bibliography (linked when they are freely available online) and a link to the relevant entry in the Leuven Database of Ancient Books (LDAB) or Trismegistos (TM), where additional data and bibliography can be found. In most cases, each individual text was given a “P.Bodmer” number, which can cause confusion regarding how many physical items are actually in the collection. In what follows, I have divided the collection into physical items, meaning that sometimes a single entry on this list will cover multiple “P.Bodmer” numbers.

P.Bodmer I
A damaged papyrus roll containing a land register (P.Bomder I recto) that was later turned over and reused to copy two books of Homer’s Iliad (P.Bodmer I verso). The Iliad text was published in 1954. The land register is said to have been published in 2010, but as of September 2017, no library in the US or Europe seems to have the book.
Victor Martin, Papyrus Bodmer I. Iliade, chants 5 et 6 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1954)
Tomasz Derda, P.Bodmer I Recto: A Land List from the Panopolite Nome in Upper Egypt (JJP Supplements 14, 2010[?])
LDAB: 7335  TM: 66088

P.Bodmer II
A papyrus codex containing the Gospel according to John in Greek (P66, in the Gregory-Aland numbering system). The first fourteen chapters were published in 1956. Additional fragmentary parts of the remaining chapters were published in 1958, and a new edition with photographic plates appeared in 1962. The photos have been reprinted in a new edition in 2008. A small fragment of one leaf is in the Chester Beatty Library in Dublin, and another part of a bifolium is in Köln.
Victor Martin, Papyrus Bodmer II. Évangile de Jean, chap. 1-14 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana,1956)
Victor Martin, Papyrus Bodmer II. Supplément. Évangile de Jean, chap. 14-21 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1958)
Victor Martin and J.W.B. Barns, Papyrus Bodmer II. Supplément. Évangile de Jean, chap. 14-21 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1962)
Jean Zumstein, L’Évangile selon Jean: Introduction et traduction (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2008)
Brent Nongbri, “The Limits of Palaeographic Dating of Literary Papyri: Some Observations on the Date and Provenance of P.Bodmer II (P66),” Museum Helveticum 71 (2014), 1-35
LDAB: 2777

Papyrus Bodmer III
A papyrus codex containing the Gospel according to John and Genesis 1:1-4:2 in Coptic (proto-Bohairic). The text was originally published in 1958. A series of corrections appeared in 2001, and an entirely new edition with color photos was published in 2016. Part of the cover of this codex survives.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer III. Évangile de Jean et Genèse I-IV, 2, en bohaïrique, 2 vols. (Louvain: Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, 1958)
Rodolphe Kasser, “Le Papyrus Bodmer III réexaminé: Amélioration de sa transcription,” Journal of Coptic Studies 3 (2001), 81-112, plates 9-13
Daniel B. Sharp, Papyrus Bodmer III: An Early Coptic Version of the Gospel of John and Genesis (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2016)
LDAB: 107758

P.Bodmer IV (part of the Bodmer Menander Codex, P.Bodmer XXV+IV+XXVI)
A single-quire papyrus codex containing three works of Menander. The best preserved work at the center of the codex (the Dyskolos) was published in 1958. The more damaged works were published in 1969.
Rodolphe Kasser and Colin Austin, Papyrus Bodmer XXV. Ménandre: Le Bouclier. En appendice: compléments au Papyrus Bodmer IV, Ménandre: Le Dyscolos (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1969)
Victor Martin, Papyrus Bodmer IV. Ménandre: Le Dyscolos (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1958)
Rodolphe Kasser and Colin Austin, Papyrus Bodmer XXVI. Ménandre: La Samienne (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1969)
LDAB: 2743

P.Bodmer V (part of the Bodmer Composite Codex, P.Bodmer V+X+XI+VII+XIII+XII+VIII)
A papyrus codex containing a variety of works copied in a number of different hands in Greek. The individual parts were published separately over a period of several years. One portion of the codex (P.Bodmer VIII, which contains 1-2 Peter) was given as a gift to Pope Paul VI in 1969 and now resides at the Vatican Library. P.Bodmer VIII along with P.Bodmer VII (Jude) was given the Gregory-Aland designation P72. An additional leaf of P.Bodmer XIII (Melito’s paschal sermon) was recently discovered and published.
Michel Testuz, Papyrus Bodmer V. Nativité de Marie (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1958)
Michel Testuz, Papyrus Bodmer VII-IX. VII: L’Épître de Jude. VIII: Les deux épîtres de Pierre. IX: Les Psaumes 33 et 34 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1959)
Michel Testuz, Papyrus Bodmer X-XII. X: Correspondance apocryphe des Corinthiens et de l’apôtre Paul. XI: Onzième Ode de Salomon. XII: Fragment d’un Hymne liturgique (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1959)
Michel Testuz, Papyrus Bodmer XIII. Méliton de Sardes, Homélie sur la Pâque (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1960)
Brent Nongbri and Stuart G. Hall, “Melito’s Peri pascha 1-5 as Recovered from a ‘Lost’ Leaf of Papyrus Bodmer XIII,” Journal of Theological Studies 68 (2017), 576-592
Tommy Wasserman, “Papyrus 72 and the Bodmer Miscellaneous Codex.” New Testament Studies 51 (2005), 137-154
Brent Nongbri, “Recent Progress in Understanding the Construction of the Bodmer ‘Miscellaneous’ or ‘Composite’ Codex.” Adamantius 21 (2015), 171-172
Brent Nongbri, “The Construction of P.Bodmer VIII and the Bodmer ‘Composite’ or ‘Miscellaneous’ Codex.” Novum Testamentum 58 (2016), 394-410
LDAB: 2565

P.Bodmer VI
A parchment codex of Proverbs written in an extremely rare  (so-called proto-Theban) dialect of Coptic. The codex survives in its bound form.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer VI. Livre des proverbes (Louvain: Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, 1960)
LDAB: 107761

P.Bodmer VII (part of the Bodmer Composite Codex, P.Bodmer V+X+XI+VII+XIII+XII+VIII)
See under P.Bodmer V

P.Bodmer VIII (part of the Bodmer Composite Codex, P.Bodmer V+X+XI+VII+XIII+XII+VIII)
See under P.Bodmer V

P.Bodmer IX (part of a codex containing the Apology of Phileas and Psalms 33 and 34 in Greek, P.Bodmer XX+IX)
Originally believed to be part of the Composite Codex (P.Bodmer V+X+XI+VII+XIII+XII+VIII), but recent studies suggest that this was not the case. This seems to have been an independent papyrus booklet.
Victor MartinPapyrus Bodmer XX. Apologie de Philéas, évêque de Thmouis (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1964)
Michel Testuz
, Papyrus Bodmer VII-IX. VII : L’Épître de Jude. VIII : Les deux épîtres de Pierre. IX : Les Psaumes 33 et 34 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1959)
Brent Nongbri, “Recent Progress in Understanding the Construction of the Bodmer ‘Miscellaneous’ or ‘Composite’ Codex.” Adamantius 21 (2015), 171-172
LDAB: 220465

P.Bodmer X-XIII (part of the Bodmer Composite Codex, P.Bodmer V+X+XI+VII+XIII+XII+VIII)
See under P.Bodmer V

P.Bodmer XIV+XV
A single-quire papyrus codex containing substantial portions of the Gospel according to Luke and the Gospel according to John in Greek (P75 in the Gregory-Aland numeration). Some fragments of the papyrus leaves were embedded in a leather cover. These were extracted in the 1970s but not published until 2007. The codex was sold in 2006 and then donated to the Vatican Library, where it now resides (with the designation “Hanna Papyrus 1, Mater Verbi”).
Victor Martin and Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XIV. Évangile de Luc, chap. 3-24 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1961)
Victor Martin and Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XV. Évangile de Jean, chap. 1-15 (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1961)
Sarah Alexander Edwards, “P75 under the Magnifying Glass,” Novum Testamentum 18 (1976), 190-212
Marie-Luise Lakmann, “Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV (P75): Neue Fragmente,” Museum Helveticum 64 (2007), 22-41
James M. Robinson, “Fragments from the Cartonnage of P75,” Harvard Theological Review 101 (2008), 231-252
Brent Nongbri, “Reconsidering the Place of Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV (P75) in the Textual Criticism of the New Testament,” Journal of Biblical Literature 135 (2016), 405-437
LDAB: 2895

P.Bodmer XVI
A parchment codex containing a substantial portion of the book of Exodus in Coptic (Sahidic). It is preserved complete and still bound in its leather cover.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XVI. Exode I-XV, 21, en sahidique (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana 1961)
LDAB: 108535

P.Bodmer XVII
A large papyrus codex containing Acts and the Catholic epistles in Greek (P74 in the Gregory-Aland numeration). The fragment now known as P.Bodmer L was found among its leaves.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XVII. Actes des Apôtres. Épîtres de Jacques, Pierre, Jean et Jude (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1961)
LDAB: 2894

P.Bodmer XVIII
A papyrus codex containing a substantial portion of the book of Deuteronomy in Coptic (Sahidic). It is preserved in its bound state.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XVIII. Deutéronome I-X, 7, en sahidique (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1962)
LDAB: 108536

P.Bodmer XIX
A parchment codex containing the second half of Matthew and the beginning of Romans in Coptic (Sahidic) written in two columns. It was at one time bound between two slabs of decorated wood.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XIX. Évangile de Matthieu XIV, 28-XXVIII, 20. Épître aux Romains I, -II.3, en sahidique (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1962)
LDAB: 107759

P.Bodmer XX (part of a codex containing the Apology of Phileas and Psalms 33 and 34 in Greek, P.Bodmer XX+IX)
See under P.Bodmer IX

P.Bodmer XXI
A papyrus codex containing the book of Joshua (and parts of other works) in Coptic (Sahidic) that is now split between the Bodmer collection and the Chester Beatty Library.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XXI. Josué (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1963)
A.F. Shore, Joshua I-VI and Other Passages in Coptic (Dublin: Hodges Figgis, 1963)
LDAB: 108537

P.Bodmer XXII
A parchment codex containing Jeremiah, Lamentations, the Epistle of Jeremiah, and Baruch in Coptic (Sahidic). The codex was originally split between the Bodmer collection and the University of Mississippi. The Mississippi portion is now part of the VanKampen collection (VK 783).
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XXII et Mississipi Coptic Codex II. Jérémie XL, 3-LII, 34, Lamentations. Épître de Jérémie, Baruch I, 1-V, 5, en sahidique (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1964)
LDAB: 108176

P.Bodmer XXIII
A papyrus codex of the book of Isaiah in Coptic (Sahidic). Its leather covers were preserved, and one of the covers was taken apart in the 1970s. Some of the papyrus that was extracted contained writing. These pieces were published as P.Bodmer L-LVI (see below).
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XXIII. Ésaïe XLVII, 1-LXVI 24, en sahidique (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1965)
LDAB: 108542

P.Bodmer XXIV
A single-quire papyrus codex of the Psalms in Greek. This codex was sold in 2006 and became part of the Green Collection (GC.MS.000170).
Rodolphe Kasser and Michel Testuz, Papyrus Bodmer XXIV. Psaumes XVII-CXVIII (grec) (Cologny-Genève: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1967)
LDAB: 3098

P.Bodmer XXV-XXVI (parts of the Bodmer Menander Codex, P.Bodmer XXV+IV+XXVI)
See under P.Bodmer IV

P.Bodmer XXVII (part of the Bodmer Daniel-Thucydides codex, P.Bodmer XLV+XLVI+XLVII+XXVII)
A papyrus codex copied in three different hands containing the end of Susanna and the beginning of Daniel, a set of moral exhortations, and book 6 of Thucydides.
Antonio Carlini and Annamaria Citi, “Susanna e la prima visione di Daniele in due papiri inediti della Bibliotheca Bodmeriana: P.Bodm. XLV e P.Bodm. XLVI,” Museum Helveticum 38 (1981), 81-120
Antonio Carlini and Michele Bandini, P.Bodmer XLVII: un acrostico alfabetico tra Susanna-Daniele e Tucidide,” Museum Helveticum 48 (1991), 158-168
Antonio Carlini, “II papiro di Tucidide della Bibliotheca Bodmeriana (P. Bodmer XXVII),” Museum Helveticum 32 (1975), 33-40 + plates 1-4
LDAB: 4120

P.Bodmer XXVIII
Fragments of a papyrus roll containing verses on Herakles and Atlas.
Eric G. Turner, “Papyrus Bodmer XXVIII: A Satyr-Play on the Confrontation of Heracles and Atlas.” Museum Helveticum 33 (1976), 1-23
LDAB: 7072

P.Bodmer XXIX (part of the Bodmer Codex of Visions, P.Bodmer XXXVIII+XXIX+XXX+XXXI+XXXII+XXXIII+XXXIV+XXXV+XXXVI+XXXVII)
A single-quire papyrus codex containing the Shepherd of Hermas, the Vision of Dorotheos, and a series of other poetic works. The pieces were published between 1984 and 1999. The volume on Hermas published in 1991 contains the most accurate description of the make-up of the codex (superseding the discussion in the 1984 volume).
André Hurst, Olivier Reverdin, and Jean Rudhardt, Papyrus Bodmer XXIX. Vision de Dorothéos. (Cologny-Genève, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1984)
Antonio Carlini and Luigi Giaccone, Papyrus Bodmer XXXVIII. Erma: Il Pastore (Ia –IIIa visione) (Cologny-Genève, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1991)
André Hurst and Jean Rudhardt, Papyri Bodmer XXX-XXXVII. «Codex des Visions», Poèmes divers (München K. G. Saur, 1999)
LDAB: 1106

P.Bodmer XXX-XXXVIII (part of the Bodmer Codex of Visions, P.Bodmer XXXVIII+XXIX+XXX+XXXI+XXXII+XXXIII+XXXIV+XXXV+XXXVI+XXXVII)
See under P.Bodmer XXIX

P.Bodmer XXXIX
A parchment sheet containing letter 11b of Pachomius in Coptic (Sahidic). Publication is currently in progress. Images and a description of the parchment sheet were published by Nathalie Bosson in:
Charles Méla and Frédéric Möri (eds.), Alexandrie la divine, volume II (Genève: Éditions de la Baconnière, 2014), 1093
LDAB: 322184

P.Bodmer XL
A parchment codex containing the Song of Songs in Coptic (Sahidic).
Rodolphe Kasser and Philippe Luisier, “P. Bodmer XL: Cantique des Cantiques en copte saïdique,” Orientalia 81 (2012), 149-201, and plates xxix-xliii
LDAB: 108548

P.Bodmer XLI
A papyrus codex containing the Acts of Paul in Coptic (Sahidic).
Rodolphe Kasser and Philippe Luisier, “Le Papyrus Bodmer XLI en édition princeps. L’épisode d’Éphèse des Acta Pauli en copte et en traduction,” Le Muséon 117 (2004), 281-384
LDAB: 108121

P.Bodmer XLII
A parchment leaf containing portions of 2 Corinthians in Coptic (Sahidic) copied in two columns per page. Publication by Daniel B. Sharp is currently in progress.

P.Bodmer XLIII
A papyrus leaf of the book of Zostrianos in Coptic (Sahidic).
Rodolphe Kasser and Philippe Luisier, “Le Papyrus Bodmer XLIII: Un feuillet de Zostrien,” Le Muséon 120 (2007), 251-272
LDAB: 113751

P.Bodmer XLIV
A parchment codex containing the book of Daniel in Coptic (Bohairic), probably of the 10th-12th century. Publication in progress.

P.Bodmer XLV-XLVII (part of the Bodmer Daniel-Thucydides codex, P.Bodmer XLV+XLVI+XLVII+XXVII)
See under P.Bodmer XXVII.

P.Bodmer XLVIII
Fragments of a papyrus roll containing book 1 of Homer’s Iliad.
André Hurst, “Papyrus Bodmer 48: Iliade 1, 45-58,” Museum Helveticum 47 (1990), 30-33
LDAB number: 9939

P.Bodmer XLIX
Fragments of a papyrus roll containing books 9 and 10 of Homer’s Odyssey.
André Hurst, “Papyrus Bodmer 49: Odyssée 9, 455-488 et 526-556; 10, 188-215,” Museum Helveticum 43 (1986), 221-230
Marc Huys, “A Ptolemaic Odyssey Papyrus in Louvain (P. Leuven 1987.01: κ 185-195),” Ancient Society 19 (1988), 61-69
LDAB number: 2389

P.Bodmer L
A papyrus fragment containing the Gospel according to Matthew 25:43 and 26:2-3 (P73 in the Gregory-Aland numeration). It was found among the leaves of P.Bodmer XVII.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XVII: Papyrus Bodmer XVII: Actes des Apôtres: Epîtres de Jacques, Pierre, Jean et Jude (Cologny-Geneva: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 1961), 9-10.
Carsten Peter Thiede, “Papyrus Bodmer L: Das neutestamentliche Papyrusfragment P73 = Mt 25,43 / 26, 2-3.” Museum Helveticum 47 (1990), 35-40 and Tafel 3
LDAB number: 2968

P.Bodmer LI-LVI are the designations for papyrus pieces removed from one side of the leather cover of P.Bodmer XXIII (the Coptic Isaiah codex).

P.Bodmer LI
A fragment of a papyrus roll containing syllabic exercises (P.Bodmer LI recto), reused for a scientific or ethnographic text (P.Bodmer LI verso), extracted from the leather cover of P.Bodmer XXIII.
Rodolphe Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XXIII: Esaïe XLVII, l – LXVI, 24 en sahidique  (Cologny-Genève: Bibliothèque Bodmer, 1965), 8-15
Anna Di Bitonto Kasser, “P.Bodmer LI recto: esercizio di divisione sillabica.” Museum Helveticum 55 (1998), 112-118
Paul Schubert, “P.Bodmer LI verso: restes d’un traité médical ou ethnographique?” Museum Helveticum 73 (2016), 1-10
LDAB number: 5269 and 699689

P.Bodmer LII
A fragmentary leaf of a papyrus codex of Isocrates extracted from the leather cover of P.Bodmer XXIII.
Paul Schubert, “P.Bodmer LII: Isocrate, A Nicoclès 16-22,” Museum Helveticum 54 (1997), 97-105
LDAB number: 2508

P.Bodmer LIII
P.Bodmer LIII is the designation given to a blank piece of papyrus extracted from the leather cover of P.Bodmer XXIII.

P.Bodmer LIV
Fragment of a land register on papyrus extracted from the cover of P.Bodmer XXIII.
Jean-Luc Fournet and Jean Gascou, “Édition de P.Bodm. LIV-LVI,” Adamantius 21 (2015), 34-37
TM number: 699686

P.Bodmer LV
Fragment of a fiscal register on papyrus extracted from the cover of P.Bodmer XXIII.
Jean-Luc Fournet and Jean Gascou, “Édition de P.Bodm. LIV-LVI,” Adamantius 21 (2015), 34-37
TM number: 699687

P.Bodmer LVI
Fragment of a fiscal register on papyrus extracted from the cover of P.Bodmer XXIII.
Jean-Luc Fournet and Jean Gascou, “Édition de P.Bodm. LIV-LVI,” Adamantius 21 (2015), 34-37
TM number: 699688

P.Bodmer LVII
A portion of a papyrus codex containing a commentary on the Psalms by Didymus the Blind. It was discovered in 1941 in an ancient mine in Tura, just south of Cairo, together with other papyrus books of the works of Didymus and Origen. Other portions of the book containing P.Bodmer LVII are in Cairo, Cologne, the British Library, and Brigham Young University. The Bodmer portion was published in 1969-1970.
Louis Doutreleau, Adolphe Gesché, and Michael Gronewald, Didymos der Blinde: Psalmenkommentar (Tura Papyrus) Teil I, Kommentar zu Psalm 20-21 (Bonn: Habelt, 1969)
Michael Gronewald, Didymos der Blinde: Psalmenkommentar (Tura-Papyrus) Teil V, Kommentar zu Psalm 40-44, 4 (Bonn: Habelt, 1970)
LDAB: 776

P.Bodmer LVIII
A papyrus codex (presently in a modern binding) containing patristic literature in Coptic (Sahidic)–Anthimi Questiones, Theophili Epistolae, Agathonici Apologia de Increduliatore. It was formerly in the collection of Thomas Phillipps and was published in 1915.
Walter E. Crum, Der Papyruscodex saec. VI-VII der Phillippsbibliothek in Cheltenham (Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, 1915)
LDAB: 107785

The pieces listed above that were published in the Papyrus Bodmer series were reprinted in an omnibus edition in the year 2000:
Martin Bircher (ed.), Bibliotheca Bodmeriana. La collection des Papyrus Bodmer (10 vols., Munich: K.G. Saur, 2000)
This edition does not include the pieces that were published in Museum Helveticum or other journals and series. Nor does it include the items published after the year 2000.

About Brent Nongbri

Visiting Professor at Aarhus University
This entry was posted in Bodmer Papyri. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to The Bodmer Papyri: An Inventory of “P.Bodmer” Items

  1. Having minored in Koine Greek in bible college, the papyri fragments were the most fascinating to me. After graduation I went back to Europe for volunteer work and personal travel. I was determined to view some fragments of texts if at all possible. I was successful in Geneva after persistently trying to gain entrance at the relevant place at 8.30 am (opening hours were at 8). Finally someone who it seemed was still having their coffee was surprised by my visit but did show me a display under glass in the library. If I remember correctly it was a John fragment which they had near a window. I was surprised that it wasn’t kept better than that but I am not an expert. This was in 1976.
    A few years ago I read that some folks from the Vatican bought some Bodmer materials from Geneva and drove them down to Rome with a machine gun escort. I thought at the time: things have changed! Though I never became a scholar I am still interested and fascinated by the texts and the transmission. Best Wishes!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s